Winter Fishing

Saratoga lake has begun its winter transition of freezing over.  With Covid-19, many people are looking forward to ice fishing as a new winter hobby.  With the cold weather temps, the  threat of aquatic invasive species (AIS) has not ceased. Just as they do in the summer, AIS can hitch a ride on fishing equipment during the winter. Although we think of winter as a time of dormancy, various plants, animals, and diseases that are considered ecologically dangerous continue to thrive while the snow flies. For instance, cold-tolerant Eurasian watermilfoil and curly-leaf pondweed are considered evergreens because they continue to grow under ice cover. This head start over native aquatic plants, which start growing in the spring, helps make invasive plant species more successful. Furthermore, Eurasian watermilfoil and curly-leaf pondweed can re-root from mere stem fragments; meaning any small part of the plant – which maintain large colonies during the winter – can break off and create a new plant elsewhere. That’s why it is important to check for and remove all plant parts from augers, fishing line, hooks, and anything else that might come in contact with lake water. Be sure to throw away plant parts in the garbage – not back into the water – so they don’t get the chance to spread.

Cleaning ice fishing equipment is also important for removing AIS that are not visible. Spiny water fleas, zebra mussels, all produce microscopic offspring which cannot be seen by the naked eye in their early life stages. Very serious contagious fish diseases like viral hemorrhagic septicemia (VHS) and whirling disease can also be transported from one body of water to another. In addition to cleaning equipment, anglers should never transport live fish or water away from a  water body.

To prevent the spread of AIS while ice fishing, anglers should:

  • Inspect and clean all fishing equipment like hooks, lines, scoops, nets, and augers after each use.
  • Decontaminate all equipment with a disinfection solution or allow to dry for at least 5 days.
  • Drain all water from equipment and containers with fish before leaving the ice. Consider transporting harvested fish on ice.
  • Only purchase live bait from a licensed Local bait dealer and properly dispose of unused bait.

Enjoy and always be safe!

Saratoga Lake is a top-notch fishery in New York State in quality and quantity of fish. Both competitive and recreational fishing opportunities are available.

What fish can be found in Saratoga Lake?

In the lake there are largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, yellow perch, brown bullhead, northern pike, redbreast sunfish, rock bass, walleye, black crappie, bluegill, chain pickerel, and pumpkinseed.

(Fish Found in Saratoga Lake,, Accessed 11 July 2019)

Required fishing license for Saratoga Lake:

Are there any special fishing restrictions on Saratoga Lake?


  • Can be caught all year
  • Can be caught at any size
  • Daily limit is 15
  • Ice fishing is the permitted method

Are fish stocked in Saratoga Lake?

Every year about 8.6 million walleye are stocked in the lake.

Is overfishing a problem on Saratoga Lake?

There have been reports of the average size of fish in the lake shrinking by fishermen who have fished in the lake for decades. However, large bass, up to 21 inches and 5 pounds, can still be found in the lake.

Is ice fishing permitted on Saratoga Lake?

Ice fishing is permitted on Saratoga Lake.

Tips for fishing on Saratoga Lake:

  • Much of the shoreline is privately owner, so fishing off a boat or at the Saratoga Lake State Boat Launch are the best ways to enjoy the lake. There is an $8 fee to park at the Saratoga Lake State Boat Launch.
  • Northern pike can be found in the edge of weed beds. Smallmouth bass and walleye can be found in rocky shores.